European Beech

Fagus sylvatica 

This stately tree is upright when young and becomes rounded with age.  It has rich, glossy green leaves with wavy margins that turn golden brown in the fall. The smooth bark looks like an elephant hide and is maintained into maturity.

Power Line Approved: No

Min. street tree planting width: 8 feet

Mature Height: 60 feet

Mature Spread: 40 feet

Tree Shape:Upright when young. Rounded with age.

Where to Plant:
Great specimen shade tree for your yard or in a wide planting strip without overhead power lines.

Leaves emerge a bright green turning to a rich glossy green in summer. They turn golden brown in the fall.

A triangular nut that is enjoyed by wildlife.

Preferred Site Conditions:
Full sun to light shade. Prefers moist but well drained soil.

Potential Problems:
Wooly aphids can be a minor problem, but they do not threaten the tree’s vigor or health.

Minimum Planting Distances:

  • 15 feet from house or building
  • 3 ½ feet back from the face of the curb
  • 5 feet from underground utility lines
  • 10 feet from power poles
  • 7 ½ feet from driveways (10 feet recommended)
  • 20 feet from street lights and other existing trees
  • 30 feet from street intersections

Additional Resources